Quilombola titling: a historical debt of the Brazilian State
If the Brazilian State maintains the current pace of land regularization of quilombola territories, it will take 2,188 years to fully title the 1,802 processes currently open at the National Institute for Colonization and Agrarian Reform (Instituto Nacional de Colonização e Reforma Agrária – INCRA, in Portuguese). If the advance of partial titling of quilombola territories with processes in independent federal agencies is taken into account, the time needed is 1,156 years.
In 34 years since the right to traditional quilombola territory was recognized by the Federal Constitution of 1988, only 54 territories have been titled (partially or totally) by INCRA, the federal body responsible for quilombola land regularization. The data does not include quilombola land regularization processes assigned to states and municipalities, or to communities that were not certified by the Palmares Foundation and, therefore, have not submitted the administrative process to INCRA.
Eixos: Earth, territory and space justice